2_Woodlands Research

 

 

A

Armadillo


Source: Longoria photos

Enchanted Learning - Armadillo
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/armadillo/Armadilloprintout.shtml

WildTexas - Armadillo
http://wildtexas.com/wildguides/armadillo.php

 

American Robin

Source: World Book,
Credit: © John Shaw, Bruce Coleman Inc.

Robin NatureWorks - American Robin
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/robin.htm

Enchanted Learning - American Robin
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Robinprintout.shtml

B

Beaver

Source: World Book,

Credit: © Danita Delimont/Alamy Images

Enchanted Learning - Beaver
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/rodent/Beavprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Beaver
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/beaver.htm

 
Black Bear

Source: Public Domain images

Enchanted Learning - Black Bear
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/bear/Amblackcoloring.shtml

Black Bear
http://library.thinkquest.org/11234/black.html

 
Brown Bear

Source: World Book,
Credit: © Howard G. Buffett

Enchanted Learning - Brown Bear
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/bear/Brownbearcoloring.shtml

Great Bear Foundation
http://www.greatbear.org/brownbear.htm

 

Barred Owl

Source: http://kids.yahoo.com/animals/birds/2150--Barred+Owl

Kids Inquiry of Diversity - Barred Owl
http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Strix_varia/

Nature Mapping Animal Facts for Kids - Barred Owl
http://depts.washington.edu/natmap/facts/barred_owl_k6.html

 

 
Bobcat

Source: Public Domain images
Enchanted Learning - Bobcat
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/cats/bobcat/Bobcatprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Bobcat
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/bobcat.htm

 
Bull Snake

Source: Public Domain images
Enchanted Learning - Bull Snake
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/reptiles/snakes/Bullsnake.shtml

Texas Parks & Wildlife - Bull Snake
http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/bullsnake/

C

Cardinal

Source: World Book,
Credit: © Bruce MacQueen, Shutterstock

Enchanted Learning - Cardinals
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Cardinalprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Cardinal
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/cardinal.htm

 

Chipmunk

Source: Longoria photos

Enchanted Learning - Chipmunk
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/rodent/Chipmunkprintout.shtml

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Chipmunk
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

NatureWorks - Eastern Chipmunk
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/chipmunk.htm

 

Collared Peccary (Javalina)

Source: World Book,

Credit: © Doris De Witt,Stone/Getty Images

Enchanted Learning - Javeline (Collared Peccary)
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/peccary/Javelinaprintout.shtml

Collard Peccary
http://www.chaffeezoo.org/animals/peccary.html

 
Cougar
(also known as the Mountain Lion, Panther, and Puma)

Source: http:// www.wildlife-rescue.org
Enchanted Learning - Cougar
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/cats/cougar/Cougarprintout.shtml

Nature Mapping Animal Facts for Kids - Cougar
http://depts.washington.edu/natmap/facts/cougar_k6.html

 

 

Crow

Source: World Book,

Credit: © Michael Woodruff, Shutterstock

Enchanted Learning - Crow
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Crowprintout.shtml

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Crow
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

D

Deer

Source: Longoria photos

Enchanted Learning - White-tailed Deer
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/deer/Whitetailprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - White Tailed Deer
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/whitetaileddeer.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Deer
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

E
Eagle

Source: World Book
Credit: © Thomas & Pat Leeson, Photo Researchers
Enchanted Learning - Bald Eagle
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Eaglecoloring.shtml

Bald Eagle
http://www.eagles.org/moreabout.html

 
Earthworm

Source: Public Domain images
Credit: Earthworms by Petr Kratochvil
Enchanted Learning - Earthworm
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/invertebrates/earthworm/Earthwormcoloring.shtml

Discovery Kids - All About Earthworms
http://yucky.discovery.com/noflash/worm/pg000102.html

The Adventures of Herman
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/worms/

F

Frog

Source: World Book,

Credit: © Robin Chittenden, Alamy Images

Enchanted Learning - Frog
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/amphibians/Frogprintout.shtml

San Diego - Frog
http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-frog_toad.html

 
Firefly (Lightning Bug)

Source: World Book,
Credit: World Book photo by Don Stebbing
Enchanted Learning - Firefly
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/insects/beetles/Fireflyprintout.shtml

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Fireflies
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

G
Great Horned Owl

Source: Public Domain images
Credit: Grand Duke by José Luis Hernández Zurdo0
Enchanted Learning - Great Horned Owl
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Hornedowlprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Great Horned Owl
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/greathornedowl.htm

 
Grizzly Bear

Source: Public Domain images
Enchanted Learning - Grizzly Bear
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/bear/Grizzlycoloring.shtml

NatureWorks - Grizzly Bear
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/grizzly.htm

H
Herbivore

Source: Public Domain photos
  1. Herbivores eat plants such as leaves, flowers, fruits, grass, roots, pollen, and even wood such as the bark from trees.
  2. Herbivores include animals like rabbits, ducks, and squirrels.
  3. Some animals eat nuts and seeds like a bird. They are also herbivores.
  4. Herbivores have flat teeth for chewing, crushing, and grinding.
 
Hummingbird

Source: World Book,
Credit: ©Peter Oxford, Nature PL

Enchanted Learning - Hummingbird
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Hummerprintout.shtml

San Diego Zoo - Hummingbirds
http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-hummingbird.html

I
Ivy

Source: Public Doman images
  1. Ivies are creeping plants.
  2. They can grow across the ground.
  3. They can grow on tree trunks, walls, rocks, and other structures.
  4. Some ivies have fruits and flowers.
  5. Ivy can be harmful to trees. It makes the tree weak. Sometimes trees will get a disease from the insects that are attracted to the ivy.
  6. Ivy can cause damage to wooden fences and concrete walls.
J
Juniper

Source:
Juniper. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juniper.
  1. Juniper trees grow very tall.
  2. They usually have blue berries.
  3. Junipers are evergreens which means that they do not have leaves that change color in autumn.
  4. Junipers have needle-like leaves.
  5. Some larvae of some butterflies and moths only eat juniper leaves.
K

K = 1000

1000's
Thousands of animal and plant species including birds, mammals, invertebrates, trees, shrubs, and flowers.
L
Ladybug Beetle

Source: World Book,
Credit: © Tomasz Pietryszek, Shutterstock
Enchanted Learning - Ladybug Beetle
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/insects/ladybug/Ladybugcoloring.shtml

Enchanted Learning - Ladybugs
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/insects/Ladybug.shtml

M
Mallard Duck

http://www.nature-and-flower-pictures.com/mallard-duck-pictures.html

Enchanted Learning - Mallard Duck
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Mallardprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Mallard
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/mallard.htm

 

 
Monarch Butterfly

Source: Public Domain images
Credit: Monarch Butterfly Detail by Art Planet
Enchanted Learning - Monarch Butterfly
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/butterfly/species/Monarch.shtml

NatureWorks - Monarch Butterfly
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/monarch.htm

N
Nocturnal and Diurnal


Source: Longoria photos
  1. Nocturnal animals are more active at night than during the day.
  2. These animals sleep during the day, often in a burrow or den.
  3. Nocturnal animal have special adaptations that help them survive in the dark.
  4. Many nocturnal animals, like owls, bobcats, skunks, raccoons, opossums, and foxes have special eyes that see well in the dark.
  5. Some nocturnal animals, like bats, use echolocation. The bat emits emits a high-pitched sound which bounces off objects. The sound bounces back to the bat and gives it information about the object's shape, direction, distance, and texture.
  6. Other nocturnal animals like rabbits have good hearing.
  7. Diurnal animals are more active during the day and sleep at night.
O
Omnivore

Source: Public Domain photos
  1. Omnivores eat both plants and other animals.
  2. Raccoons and bears are omnivores. They eat fruit and vegetables, but they can also eat fish and other small animals or insects.
  3. Omnivores have a mix of sharp teeth and flat teeth.
  4. Human beings are also omnivores, although some people choose not to eat meat. These people are called vegetarians.
P

Porcupine

Source: http://classroomclipart.com

Enchanted Learning - Porcupine
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/rodent/Porcupineprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Porcupine
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/porcupine.htm

 
Pill Bug

Source: World Book,
Credit: © Joseph Calev, Dreamstime

Enchanted Learning - Pill Bug
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/invertebrates/isopod/Pillbugprintout.shtml

Highlights Kids - Pill Bug
http://www.highlightskids.com/Science/Stories/SS0498_bugsthatarent.asp

Q
Quail

Source: World Book,
Credit: Leonard Lee Rue, NAS

Enchanted Learning - California Quail Quailhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Quailprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - California Quail
http://www.nhptv.org/wild/californiaquail.asp

R

Raccoon

Source: http://classroomclipart.com

Enchanted Learning - Raccoon
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/raccoon/Raccoonprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Raccoon
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/raccoon.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Raccoon
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

 

 
Rabbit

Source: Longoria photos

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Cottontail Rabbit
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

Enchanted Learning - Rabbit
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/farm/Rabbitprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/easterncottontail.htm

 
Red Fox

Source: http://classroomclipart.com

Enchanted Learning - Red Fox
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/fox/Redfoxprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Red Fox
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/redfox.htm

 

S

Skunk

Source: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/

nonpwdpubs/introducing_mammals/skunks/

Enchanted Learning - Skunk
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/skunk/Skunkcoloring.shtml

NatureWorks - Skunk
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/stripedskunk.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Skunk
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

 
Scorpion

Source: World Book,
Credit: © John Bell, Shutterstock

Enchanted Learning - Scorpion
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/arachnids/scorpion/Scorpionprintout.shtml

WorldAlmanac for Kids - Scorpion
http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/explore/animals/scorpion.html

 
Squirrel

Source: Longoria photos

Enchanted Learning - Squirrel
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/rodent/Squirrelprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Red Squirrel
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/redsquirrel.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Squirrel
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

T

Trees

Source: Temperate Broadleaf Deciduous Forest. http://www.radford.edu/
~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/tbdf/tbdf.
html. January 6, 2012.

  1. Some of the trees in the woodlands are oak, maple, beech, chestnut, hickory, and elm.
  2. The trees are home to many animals in the forests.
  3. The trees protect animals during the warm summers and cold winters and when it rains.
  4. Some of the trees lose their leaves in the autumn.
  5. Some trees have leaves that change colors to yellow, orange, brown, or red before they fall.
 
Tick

Source: Public Domain images

Kids' Health - Ticks
http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/bugs/tick.html

Ticks
http://www.agrenv.mcgill.ca/urban-nature/ticks.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Ticks
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

U
Understory
  1. The second tallest layer in the forest is called the understory.
  2. The understory is made from young and short trees and bushy shrubs.
  3. Small birds make nests in the understory.
  4. Sometimes plants like ivy will climb up the trees in the understory.
  5. The understory gets less light than the top layer of the forest.
V
Virginia Opposum

Source: http://www.wildlife-rescue.org
Enchanted Learning - Opossum
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/marsupial/Vaopossumprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Opossum
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/opossum.htm

Univ. of Illinois Extension - Opossum
http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/woods/naturenotes.html

W

Woodpecker

Source: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us

/huntwild/wild/birding/woodpeckers_pineywoods/

Enchanted Learning - Woodpecker
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Downywoodpeckerprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Woodpecker
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/downywood.htm

 

 
Weasel

Source: World Book,
Credit: © David Whitaker, Alamy Images
Enchanted Learning - Weasels
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/weasel/Weaselprintout.shtml

Nature Works - Weasel
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/longtailedweasel.htm

 
Wild Turkey

Source: Public Domain images

Enchanted Learning - Wild Turkey
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Turkeyprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Wild Turkey
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/wildturkey.htm

 
Wolf (Gray)

Source: http://classroomclipart.com

Enchanted Learning - Gray Wolf
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/dog/Graywolfprintout.shtml

Nature Mapping Animal Facts for Kids - Gray Wolf
http://depts.washington.edu/natmap/facts/gray_wolf_k6.html

 

 
Wolf (Red)

Source: World Book,
Credit: © Graham Taylor, Shutterstock

Enchanted Learning - Red Wolf
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/dog/Redwolfprintout.shtml

NatureWorks - Red Wolf
http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/redwolf.htm

Red Wolf
http://library.thinkquest.org/11234/redwolf.html

X

EXTRA

Source: Longoria photos

eXtra quiet
If you walk into a woodland forest, you may not see all the animals we have in our book. However, if you are eXtra quiet and really look around, you will see a woodland habitat full of interesting creatures.
Y
Yellow, Orange, Brown, Red

Source: Longoria photos
  1. The woodland forest has trees that may change color during the autumn.
  2. Maple trees and Beech trees have leaves that change from green to yellow, orange, brown, and red during autumn.
  3. The leaves fall to the ground.
  4. The leaves make the soil rich with nutrients so more plants can grow.
  5. The leaves are home to many smaller animals during the winter.
Z

Zones of the Forest
Source: Woodland Structure. http://www.countrysideinfo
.co.uk/woodland_manage/struct.htm. January 6, 2012.

  1. There are 4 zones in most forests.
  2. The tallest trees make the canopy of the woodland.
  3. The canopy is like an umbrella for the other plants and the animals.
  4. Trees that make the canopy get the most light.
  5. Big birds like heron and buzzards make nests in the canopy.
  6. The layer under the canopy is called the understory.
  7. The understory is made from younger and shorter trees and shrubs.
  8. Small birds make nests in the understory.
  9. The field layer has ferns, grasses, and wildflowers.
  10. Butterflies and other invertebrates live on the field layer.
  11. The ground layer is made of mosses and ivy. It needs a lot of moisture.
  12. Many animals walk around on the ground layer of the forest.